Question: What Was The Lingua Franca Before English?

What does the world lose when a language dies?

When a language dies, we lose cultures, entire civilizations, but also, we lose people.

We lose perspectives, ideas, opinions, most importantly, we lose a unique way of being human..

How many countries are English speaking?

In 2015, out of the total 195 countries in the world, 67 nations have English as the primary language of ‘official status’. Plus there are also 27 countries where English is spoken as a secondary ‘official’ language.

Why did English become world English?

The first, and most obvious reason that English became widespread in the first place is because of the British Empire. … So English then became an elitist language of sorts, spoken by those who were educated in literature, philosophy and poetry, much like French was back when it was the most widely spoken language.

Will Chinese Replace English?

Mandarin Chinese already has the most native speakers of any language. And, China may soon pass the United States as the world’s largest economy. The study of the Chinese language is increasing in the United States and around the world. … But he does not think Chinese will overtake English any time soon.

What is the hardest language in the world?

The Hardest Languages In The World To LearnMandarin. Right at the top is the most spoken language in the world: Mandarin. … Arabic. Number two, Arabic, challenges English speakers because most letters are written in 4 different forms depending on where they’re placed in a word. … Japanese. … Hungarian. … Korean. … Finnish. … Basque. … Navajo.More items…•

Why is English so hard?

So many things make learning English difficult and confusing. Its grammar structure, its spelling, meanings and rules that contradict existing rules are difficult to master. But remember that the situation is the same for English speakers trying to learn a foreign language.

The reason why English is spoken so widely is largely a legacy of the British Empire, with the global influence of the United States also playing a key role in the popularity of the language.

What was the universal language before English?

Before this era Greek, Latin, French were to some extent universal languages, though mainly in Europe. By a lucky coincidence due to factors above, English, the Universal language, is one of the simplest and easiest natural languages in the world. The only other simple and easy languages are constructed ones.

Will the English continue to be lingua franca?

The takeaway is clear: English hasn’t been the lingua franca of the Internet for many years—and as Internet adoption continues to grow worldwide, content in languages other than English will become increasingly vital for business.

What is lingua franca examples?

The most obvious modern example is English, which is the current dominant lingua franca of international diplomacy, business, science, technology and aviation, but many other languages serve, or have served at different historical periods, as lingua francas in particular regions, countries, or in special contexts.

Which language has the most native speakers?

Mandarin ChineseWhich Languages Have the Most Speakers?RankLanguageNative Speakers1Mandarin Chinese918 million2Spanish460 million3English379 million4Hindi341 million6 more rows•Feb 15, 2020

Is Chinese a lingua franca?

Within greater China and the international ethnic Chinese community, Mandarin Chinese is an increasingly used language and is therefore important. On a global stage, however, Mandarin Chinese cannot be seen as being a true lingua franca, despite statistics outlining its escalating importance.

When did English become a lingua franca?

WWII8 Answers. English became the lingua franca around WWII, but it was already used all through the British Colonial Empire, establishing it in North America and Australia among others. here is a citation of Wikipedia: It[English] has replaced French as the lingua franca of diplomacy since World War II.

What makes English a lingua franca?

English as a lingua franca (ELF) is the use of the English language “as a global means of inter-community communication” (Seidlhofer 2016: 20) and can be understood as “any use of English among speakers of different first languages for whom English is the communicative medium of choice and often the only option” ( …

Is English a beautiful language?

The English language is also beautiful because it has many languages combined into it. German, Norse, French, and Latin are just a few. The way it is spoken nowadays, probably turns some people off.

Why do Americans speak English?

The use of English in the United States is a result of British colonization of the Americas. The first wave of English-speaking settlers arrived in North America during the 17th century, followed by further migrations in the 18th and 19th centuries.

What language was the global lingua franca before English?

I believe you’re right that French was the lingua franca before English, especially in Europe in the 18th and early 19th century (though the argument could be made that elsewhere Spanish was more of a lingua franca because of its more extensive overseas empire).

What is the newest language on earth?

The world’s newest languagesLight Warlpiri.Esperanto.Lingala.Lingala wasn’t even a language until the 19th century, before Congo was a free state. As the 19th century closed, the Belgian forces that conquered the area began simplifying the local languages for commercial purposes. … Gooniyandi.

Which is the mother of all languages?

SanskritSanskrit is the Holy and Divine language of India, written in Devanagari script which is also known for its clarity and beauty. Sanskrit belongs to the Indo-European languages family.

Why is French a lingua franca?

The reasons for the spread of French as a lingua franca were not because French speakers set out to promote the language as such. French was learnt and used because its speakers had political, economic and cultural clout.

Why is English so powerful?

It is the world’s lingua franca. In second place is Mandarin at 0.411. So not only is English the most powerful language, it is more than twice as powerful as its closest rival. … Moreover, English is a Latin script language, which makes it easier to learn for a majority of the world.

Why is English a dominant language?

The American Empire The global reach of America’s cultural, political and economic influence has contributed significantly to bolstering the dominant position of the English language in the 20th and 21st centuries.

Where is English used as a lingua franca?

English, she says, “has served as a lingua franca in the past, and continues to do so nowadays, in many of the countries that were colonized by the British from the late sixteenth century on (often known collectively as the Outer Circle following Kachru 1985), such as India and Singapore. …

How Americanisms are killing the English language?

Throughout the 19th Century, Engel contends, “the Americanisms that permeated the British language did so largely on merit, because they were more expressive, more euphonious, sharper and cleverer than their British counterparts”.

How many countries use English as lingua franca?

Over more than 1 billion people speak English as a second language. English is a de jure official language in 55 sovereign entities and 27 non-sovereign entities.

Who controls the English language?

In American English (at least), it’s basically a controlled anarchy. The language is governed by a combination of consensus and reputation, and no one person or group can change the rules by fiat.

Will English language die out?

The American studies, philosophy and music expert at Columbia University, predicts that 90 per cent of languages will die out to leave around 600. He said this will probably happen because of globalisation. As people migrate to new areas, cultures will become fragmented.