Question: Who Were The 5 Enlightenment Thinkers?

Who were some Enlightenment thinkers and what were their ideas?

Terms in this set (11)Hobbes.

wrote Leviathan, strong gov.

Locke.

“Two Treaties of Gov.”, gov.

Montesquieu.

“The Spirit of Laws”, separation of powers.Voltaire.

Freedom of Thought.Diderot.

“Encyclopedia”, denounced slavery, Edu.

Rousseau.

“The Social Contract”, min.

Wollstonecraft.

Smith.More items….

Who were some important Enlightenment thinkers?

Centered on the dialogues and publications of the French “philosophes” (Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Buffon and Denis Diderot), the High Enlightenment might best be summed up by one historian’s summary of Voltaire’s “Philosophical Dictionary”: “a chaos of clear ideas.” Foremost among these was the notion that …

Who were the 7 thinkers?

Seven thinkers and how they grew: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz; Locke, Berkeley, Hume; Kant (Chapter 6) – Philosophy in History.

How did the Enlightenment changed the world?

The Enlightenment helped combat the excesses of the church, establish science as a source of knowledge, and defend human rights against tyranny. It also gave us modern schooling, medicine, republics, representative democracy, and much more.

Who are the best philosophers?

Philosophers Table of ContentsThomas Aquinas.Aristotle.Confucius.René Descartes.Ralph Waldo Emerson.Michel Foucault.David Hume.Immanuel Kant.More items…•

What are the 5 main ideas of enlightenment?

The Enlightenment, a philosophical movement that dominated in Europe during the 18th century, was centered around the idea that reason is the primary source of authority and legitimacy, and advocated such ideals as liberty, progress, tolerance, fraternity, constitutional government, and separation of church and state.

What did the Enlightenment thinkers believe?

Enlightenment thinkers wanted to improve human conditions on earth rather than concern themselves with religion and the afterlife. These thinkers valued reason, science, religious tolerance, and what they called “natural rights”—life, liberty, and property.

Who was the most important person in the Enlightenment?

Key PeopleJohann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750) An enormously influential German composer who rose to prominence in the early 1700s. … Francis Bacon (1561–1626) … Cesare Beccaria (1738–1794) … John Comenius (1592–1670) … René Descartes (1596–1650) … Denis Diderot (1713–1784) … Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790) … Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749–1832)More items…

What did enlightened thinkers focus on?

The Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, was an intellectual and cultural movement in the eighteenth century that emphasized reason over superstition and science over blind faith.

Which are the two most important Enlightenment ideas?

Background: The Age of Enlightenment It included a range of ideas centered on reason as the primary source of authority and legitimacy, and came to advance ideals, such as liberty, progress, tolerance, fraternity, constitutional government, and separation of church and state.

How did Enlightenment thinkers define freedom?

Enlightenment thinkers argued that liberty was a natural human right and that reason and scientific knowledge—not the state or the church—were responsible for human progress. …