Quick Answer: What Cell Is Produced In The Archegonium?

How do Pteridophytes reproduce?

Reproduction in Pteridophytes The gametophyte generation forms gametes by mitosis.

The spores are produced by the sporangia in the spore mother cells.

These spores germinate and give rise to gametophytes..

What are Antheridiophores and Antheridium?

An antheridium or antherida (plural: antheridia) is a haploid structure or organ producing and containing male gametes (called antherozoids orsperm). … In bryophytes, the antheridium is borne on an antheridiophore, a stalk-like structure that carries the antheridium at its apex.

What does an Archegonium produce?

Archegonium, the female reproductive organ in ferns and mosses. … Neck-canal cells, located above the egg, disappear as the archegonium matures, thus producing a passage for entry of the sperm. The sperm are produced in the corresponding male reproductive organ, the antheridium.

What does Archegonium mean?

: the flask-shaped female sex organ of bryophytes, lower vascular plants (such as ferns), and some gymnosperms.

Is Archegonia present in Pinus?

Characteristics of the life cycle The female and male inflorescence of the pine tree develop as cones on the sporophyte. … The megaspore goes through mitotic divisions and forms a small female gametophyte, in which two or three archegonia are present, each with one egg cell.

How are Gemmae produced?

A gemma (plural gemmae) is a single cell, or a mass of cells, or a modified bud of tissue, that detaches from the parent and develops into a new individual. This type of asexual reproduction is referred to as fragmentation. It is a means of asexual propagation in plants.

Are Protonema haploid or diploid?

This means that the green, leafy gametophytic tissue is haploid (has only one set of chromosomes). The gametophyte refers to all organs and tissues that are a part of the haploid generation. There are two different developmental stages of the gametophyte: the protonema, and the gametophore.

What cell is made in the Archegonium?

are called archegonia; male gametangia, antheridia. At maturity, archegonia each contain one egg, and antheridia produce many sperm cells. Because the egg is retained and fertilized within the archegonium, the early stages of the developing sporophyte are protected and nourished by the gametophytic tissue.

How do moss sperm reach the egg?

Bryophytes also need a moist environment to reproduce. Their flagellated sperm must swim through water to reach the egg. So mosses and liverworts are restricted to moist habitats.

Which plant does not produce seeds?

Plants such as ferns and mosses are called nonflowering plants and produce spores instead of seeds. There is also another group called the Fungi, that include mushrooms, and these also reproduce by spores.

What carries sperm from the Antheridia?

The female structure, called an archegonium, contains a single egg. The male structure, the antheridium, contains many flagellated sperm. The sperm are released from the antheridium and swim through a thin film of water to a nearby archegonium to fertilize the egg.

How many eggs does a single Archegonium produce?

Each archegonium holds one egg (in a swollen section called the venter) and the sperm enter through the channel in the narrower, tubular section (or neck). On the side of the venter opposite the neck is the foot which anchors the archegonium to the gametophyte.

Do Archegonia contain embryos?

The egg-producing organ, the archegonium, contains one gamete (sex cell), which is always located in the lower, more or less dilated portion of the archegonium, the venter. … When the egg is fertilized, the base of the neck closes, and the embryo develops within the expanding venter.

Does Moss reproduce asexually?

Mosses reproduce by spores, which are analogous to the flowering plant’s seed; however, moss spores are single celled and more primitive than the seed. … Mosses also spread asexually by sending out new shoots in the spring from last years plants as well as fragmentation.

Is a sperm a haploid or diploid?

Diploid is a cell or organism that has paired chromosomes, one from each parent. In humans, cells other than human sex cells, are diploid and have 23 pairs of chromosomes. Human sex cells (egg and sperm cells) contain a single set of chromosomes and are known as haploid.

Is Megasporangium haploid or diploid?

The megasporangium contains megaspore mother cells, which divide by meiosis to produce haploid megaspores. A megaspore develops into a female gametophyte containing a haploid egg. A new diploid sporophyte is formed when a male gamete from a pollen grain enters the ovule sac and fertilizes this egg.

What cell is produced in the Antheridium?

sperm cellsThe antheridium has the function of producing and releasing mature sperm cells. Every cell in the spermatogeneous tissue produces one sperm.

Is Archegonium haploid or diploid?

The male and female sex organs, the antheridia and the archegonia respectively, are produced on the gametophytic plants. Haploid sperm are released from the antheridia and when a haploid sperm reaches a haploid egg in an archegonium the egg is fertilized to produce a diploid cell.

What cell is produced in the capsule?

The sporophyte that develops from a fertilized egg has two sets of chromosomes in each cell and so is also diploid. In the process of spore production in the capsule haploid spores are produced by the diploid sporophyte.

What is produced in the moss capsule?

A moss is a flowerless, spore-producing plant – with the spores produced in small capsules. The introductory WHAT IS A BRYOPHYTE?

What is the life cycle of moss?

The life cycle of a moss, like all plants, is characterized by an alternation of generations. A diploid generation, called the sporophyte, follows a haploid generation, called the gametophyte, which is in turn followed by the next sporophyte generation.