Quick Answer: When Did Reservation Start In India?

Which state has more than 50 reservation?

Andhra Pradesh state percentage of reservation is =50% approx..

Is there creamy layer for SC ST?

Application on SC/ST quota The ‘creamy layer’ categorization was meant only for the OBCs until 30 September 2018 but now are also applied to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, it was argued that it is not on economic basis rather on the basis of untouchability or backwardness.

Does SC ST get reservation in promotion?

(i) SCs/ STs get reservation in all groups of posts under the Government in case of direct recruitment and in case of promotions made by non-selection method. … (ii) SC/ST/OBC candidates appointed by direct recruitment and SC/ST candidates also promoted on their own merit are adjusted against unreserved posts.

What is the history of reservation in India?

The reservation system in India dates back to 2nd century B.C. where the upper class enjoyed certain added privileges. … A caste-based reservation system was originally thought of by William Hunter and Jyotirao Phule in 1882. A form of it was implemented by Chhatrapati Shahuji in 1901.

Is reservation permanent in India?

Article 334 of the Constitution had originally required the reservation of elected seats to cease in 1960, but this was extended to 1970 by the 8th Amendment. … The 95th Amendment extended the period of reservation to 2020. The period of reservation was further extended to 2030 by the 104th Amendment.

When did OBC reservation start?

Thus, the recommendation of reservations for OBCs in central government services was finally implemented in 1992. However, as reported by the Times of India on 26 December 2015, only 12 per cent of the employees under central government ministries and statutory bodies are members of the Other Backward Classes.

What is the Indian reservation system?

Overview. The Indian reservation system was created to keep Native Americans off of lands that European Americans wished to settle. The reservation system allowed indigenous people to govern themselves and to maintain some of their cultural and social traditions.

Who are general category in India?

Forward caste (referred as General Class/General Category/Open Category) is a term used in India to denote castes whose members are on average ahead of other Indians economically and socially.

What are the four castes?

The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. Many believe that the groups originated from Brahma, the Hindu God of creation.

Who made reservation system in India?

This system was opposed by Gandhi who fasted in protest against it. But many minorities and leaders like B.R. Ambedkar supported it. After long negotiations, Gandhi and Ambedkar signed the ‘Poona Pact’, where it had been decided that there would be one Hindu electorate with certain reservations in it.

What is the reservation percentage in India?

The percentage of reservation is: 15% (SC), 7.5% (ST), 27% (OBC) and 10% for economically weaker sections or “EWS”. These figures are divided by 100, and then multiples are worked out until one of these categories gets a complete number, upon which it obtains a reserved seat.

Which caste is the highest caste in India?

How does India’s caste system work?Brahmins. The highest of all the castes, and traditionally priests or teachers, Brahmins make up a small part of the Indian population. … Kshatriyas. Meaning “protector[s] of the gentle people,” Kshatriyas were traditionally the military class. … Vaishyas. … Shudras.

Which caste is SC ST category?

The Scheduled Caste (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) are officially designated groups of people in India. The terms are recognised in the Constitution of India and the groups are designated in one or other of the categories.

Which state has highest reservation in India?

ChhattisgarhWith 82 per cent, Chhattisgarh now has highest reservation quota in India.